In the past few decades, the development of power tools has changed the face of wood working. Not only do these tools remove the drudgery from such arduous tasks as drilling and planning, but the technology offers new ways in which wood can be fashioned while releasing the work of the woodworker or operator – with Victar professional saw, for instance. The development of aluminum casting, plastic molding and silicon chip technology has brought the power tool a long way from the simple portable drill or drill attachment. Improvements in the electric motor and advances in cutting technology – tungsten-carbide tipped (TCT) blades, for example, – have also been significant. Most recently, cordless tools have provided the operator with a new range of convenient and compact tools.
1. VERTICAL DRILL STAND
A vertical drill stand will accommodate a portable drill with a 1 3/4 -inch collar and permit more accurate drilling.
2. PORTABLE ELECTRIC DRILL
The portable electric drill is the original power tool. With a keyed or fast-action chuck, a cord-powered drill should operate on 550 watts with a 1/2 -inch chuck.
3. DRILL BITS
Twist drill-bits, which range from 1/64 to 1/2 inch and which can have center points, are used for general work.
4. FLAT BITS
Flat-bits (spade bits) make it possible to cut larger holes but using a narrow 1/4 -inch shank. They are available from 1/4 – 1 1/2 inches.
5. CORDLESS DRILL
Available in voltage from 3.6 to 24, the cordless drill with keyless chuck can never be as powerful as its cord-operated counterpart, but it is safer and more convenient.
6. ELECTRIC PLUNGE ROUTER
One of the most versatile of the power tools, the plunge router is basically an electric motor with a sharp rotating cutter at the end. Various gigged attachments allow it to cut grooves and joints and to shape wood. They are available from 400 to 2000 watts.
7. ROUTER BITS
Router bits are either high speed steel (HSS) or the longer-lasting tungsten carbide tipped (TCT). Shank diameters are 1/4, 3/8, or 1/2 inch.
The jigsaw is a versatile hand-held tool for making straight, curved, or angled cuts. The blade moves up and down, and the cut is more efficient when the action is “orbital”. Different blades are available for use with different materials.
The combination oilstone has coarse/medium or medium/fine grit surface. It is lubricated with oil and used to sharpen chisels and plane blades. The diamond stone has a grid of durable diamond particles set in plastic.
10. PROFESSIONAL ELECTRIC SAW
Professional electric saw is used for timber bucking and log cross-cutting; in plywood mills for log preshredding; for wood part production including wood casting in closed premises with an increased risk of fire and explosion; for wood cutting in industrial-scale volumes.
11. PORTABLE CIRCULAR SAW
The portable circular saw is used to cur solid wood or manufactured board material. A straight fence can be attached for parallel cuts. The blade can be set to different depths for grooving, and the sole plate titled for angled cuts along and across the grain. Blades are 5-9 inches in diameter.
12. RANDOM ORBIT SANDER
The random orbit sander has a self-gripping backed abrasive disk, which moves eccentrically while it rotates to create a random abrading effect. It is used for flat and curved work.
13. BELT SANDER
A belt sander uses a 3 or 4 inch continuous belt for heavy-duty abrading.
14. ORBITAL SANDER
The orbital sander uses 1/2 or 1/3 size abrasive sheets, which are clamped to a padded baseplate. The action is elliptical, and the tool should be used under its own weight.
15. BISCUIT JOINTER
The biscuit jointer offers a versatile method of connecting solid board or sheet wood. The blade of a small circular saw is plunged to form elliptical recesses into which compressed wood “biscuits” are glued.